Kudzu Bugs and 3-Cornered Alfalfa Hoppers

Yesterday while scouting a field of Late May Planted soybeans, Kudzu Bugs and 3-Cornered Alfalfa Hoppers were both observed. Scout your fields now to check for these Pest.

Please consult your Extension Agent and Chemical Rep for Treatment Recommendations.

kudzu

Kudzu Bug

kudzu2

Kudzu Bug

3 cornered alfalfa hopper

Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper

3 cornered damage

Three Cornered Damage

Good Growing,

Jimmy, Lee, Lane, Ethan, and Blake

Wheat Update

These photos were taken today (4/19/15) south of Blountstown, Fl.  I have never seen a field so completely covered with rust and septoria. This could happen to your fields if you did not spray on time. At first I thought Wheat Take All, but this is the first I have seen wheat in this field. It was following peanuts. This field has had rain for several days straight.

Diseased  wheat in FlaDiseased wheat fla 04-19-15

You need to spray as late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant. We need to protect the head of wheat and the flag leaf during this time.   If you see rust call me. I have seen very little rust but lots of Septoria, Stagonnospora leaf blotch, Powerdery mildew, BYD and Tan Spot.

Fungicides

Absolute 500 SC, Headline , Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur+Tilt , or one of many others.  All should be put out at per the label of fungicide used.

Aphids are out , but you need to have 10+ per flag leaf before you treat. Always watch for beneficials. Lady bugs, Aphid lions (lady bug larvae), parasitic wasp, and syrphid fly larvae all eat aphids.

Foliar insecticide treatments for aphid control: A well-timed insecticide application of a persistent pyrethroid insecticide such as lambda cyhalothrin (Warrior, Karate, Lambda, Silencer, others) can reduce the incidence of BYD and increase yields.  Lambda cyhalothrin can only be applied twice to a crop so use another product at heading such as Baythroid XL or Mustang MAX/Respect.  These can be combined with a foliar fungicide application and also will control cereal leaf beetle if it is present.

Always follow all label instructions.

Good Growing!

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2015

Wheat Update

If you did not get ¾ of an inch or more of rain in the last week you may need to water. Dig down 2″ and if the soil does not hold shape when balled in your hand, then water. It is best not to water when flowers are visible on more than 25% of wheat heads (FEEKES 10.5+);  just wait until flowers fall off (about 3 days later). You need ¾” to 1” of water (rain or irrigation) every week until 75% of wheat heads in your field are at Soft Dough Stage. Do not over water wheat.

Today, I think wheat (AGS 2035) planted on time is 4-5 days ahead of last year. Most wheat is at Feekes early 10.2 or older. This means the wheat head is visible in the leaf seath. (AGS 2035 planted 11-24-2014 in Seminole county is at Feekes 10.2 to 10.4) You need to spray as late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant. We need to protect the head of wheat and the flag leaf during this time. If you see rust call me. I have seen very little rust but lots of Septoria, Stagonnospora leaf blotch, Powerdery mildew, BYD and Tan Spot.

FungicidesAbsolute 500 SC, Headline, Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur+Tilt, or one of many others.

All should be put out at per the label of fungicide used.

Aphids are out, but you need to have 10+ per flag leaf before you treat. Always watch for beneficials. Lady bugs, Aphid lions (lady bug larvae), parasitic wasp, and syrphid fly larvae all eat aphids.

Foliar insecticide treatments for aphid control: A well-timed insecticide application of a persistent pyrethroid insecticide such as lambda cyhalothrin (Warrior, Karate, Lambda, Silencer, others) can reduce the incidence of BYD and increase yields.  Lambda cyhalothrin can only be applied twice to a crop so use another product at heading such as Baythroid XL or Mustang MAX/Respect.  These can be combined with a foliar fungicide application and also will control cereal leaf beetle if it is present.

As always, follow all label instructions.

 Good Growing! 

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2015

Soybean Update

May planted growers need to check their fields for insects NOW. Three cornered Alfalfa Hoppers are really out in force along with the Kudzu bug. See picture of damage by Three Cornered Alfalfa  Hopper below. Often the stem will just break with wind or just walking through the field.

Kudzu bugs -2

Kudzu Bugs

3 cornered

3 Cornered Alfalfa Hoppers

Here are two very good sites for more information on Kudzu bugs:

Late Planting 

Please put 40-50 lbs. of N out following corn for best yields; plant with a drill on 7 in centers. AGS 5911 LL is a very good late planted bean and has Liberty tolerance. 

Good Growing!

*Some information obtained from 2014 Georgia Pest Control Handbook,                       Soybean Diagnostic Guide, and Dupont.

*** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

Soybean Update

Growers need to check their fields for insects NOW. Three cornered Alfalfa Hoppers are really out in full force along with the Kudzu bug. See picture of damage by Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper and roots forming at damage site. Often the stem will just break with wind or just by walking through the field.

Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper

Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper

 

Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper

Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper

Late Planting

AGS 5911 LL is a very good late planted bean and has Liberty tolerance.

There are several group 5, 6, 7, and 8 group beans that have yielded very well planted late. You can read about Ultra Late Planting for details here on the blog.

Always follow label directions and wash all empties completely.

Good Growing!

*Some information obtained from 2014 Georgia Pest Control Handbook,                       Soybean Diagnostic Guide, and Dupont.

*** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

 

 

 

 

Soybean Update

Growers need to check their fields for insects NOW. Three cornered alfalfa hoppers are really out in force along with the kudzu bug. See picture below of damage by three cornered alfalfa hopper and roots forming at damage site. Often the stem will just break with wind or just walking through the field.

Here are some very good sites for information on kudzu bugs:

3 Cornered Alfalfa

3 Cornered Alfalfa

photo

Kudzu Bugs

photo-1

Late Planting – There are several group 5, 6, 7, and 8 group beans that have yielded very well planted late.

As always follow label directions and wash all empties completely.

Good Growing!

*Some information obtained from 2013 Georgia Pest Control Handbook,                       Soybean Diagnostic Guide, and Dupont.

**As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

Soybean Update

Soybean Growers we have a problem. The picture below is of a field of V4 growth stage seed beans that has a problem with Kudzu bugs. This pest is going to be a problem for soybean growers this year. Please check your fields and spray if necessary.

Kudzu Bug

Seeding rate is one of the first steps toward a good yield. Soybeans have from 2200 seed per lb to 4500 seed per lb.  Do not go by pounds per acre. 30” rows at 8 seed per foot will use  59 pounds per acre of a 2450 seed/lb
soybean and only 41.4 pounds per acre of a 3500 seed/lb. soybean.  You want about 145,000 seed per acre for normal planting rates.

PSC_SEEDING RATE

LATE PLANTING
If you are planning to plant after June 30 please order your beans now and ask your dealer to advise your seedsman to place these late planted beans in cool storage. This will maximize your chance of getting high germing
soybeans for your late planting needs. There are several group 5, 6, and 7 group beans that have yielded very well planted late. For additional details on Ultra Late planting: Ultra Late Soybeans.

As always follow label directions and  wash all empties completely.

Good Growing!

Jimmy, Steve, Lane, Lee, Blake, and Jay

*Some information obtained from 2013 Georgia Pest Control Handbook, Soybean Diagnostic Guide, and Dupont.

Wheat Update

Wheat harvest has started and yields in some fields will be over 80 bushels per acre, others will be below 35. Freeze damage can be found in all fields of early and early mid maturing wheat. I have found damage as high as 15% in some fields that headed early. The true mid maturing wheat that got enough cool hours to make heads missed most of the freeze because the head was not as susceptible when the 28 degree nights came.  Freeze damage can be seen in the amount of bacterial Black Chaff found on the heads. If the head is curved and has black margins on the bran then this could be the result of freeze damage and Black Chaff. Low test weight and shriveled kernels will be found in those heads, yields will be impacted. Last year the freeze damage was to the stems and the wheat lodged very badly.  This year it is the wheat head that has the most damage.

Kudzu Bugs, and stink bugs are in all wheat fields.  Looks as if we are in for a bad year on insects a warm January really allowed the insects to survive. 

Good Growing!

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2013 

Soybean Update

It appears this year will be a very bad stink bug year. If you put out an early spray you could help your soybeans and any other crops on your farm. Look closely at your cotton, peanut, and soybean fields; especially if they are close to a harvested corn field. There has likely been several generations of stink bug in your corn already.

Most areas have had some rain, but  we need much more. This type of weather brings on plant disease and a tropical storm could bring soybean rust  to your fields.  My advice is to spray with a good fungicide.  One spray per season is usually enough.  A good fungicide has proven to give a yield increase of 6-8 bu per acre over non-treated soybeans in a university test.  A good fungicide applied at the R1-R3 stage did a very good job last year.  ( R-3 =Pods at least 3/16 inch on the fourth node from top of plant )  This usually occurs about  7 to 10 days after full bloom, soybeans planted in  Early MAY are now in early R3.  You lose some effectiveness if you apply too early. To control velvetbean caterpillar and make loopers and stink bugs less of a pest add Dimlin. If you have stink bugs think about putting in some pesticide.  And watch for Kudzu bugs, I have found them in every field.

 

Good fungicide **

Plus

Dimlin + 1.2 lbs of solubor per acre

in 3-5 gallons/acre by air, 5-10 gallons/acre by ground, of water.

Plus 

Acephate (Orthene),   Karate ,  Methyl,  etc.   

 Good Growing!

**Pesticide information obtained from Georgia Pest Control Handbook .                    

 *** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.