SOYBEAN GROWER UPDATE

PLANTATION SEED

SOYBEAN GROWER UPDATE

July 12, 2018

A good fungicide has proven to give a yield increase of 6-8 bu per acre over non-treated soybeans in university test. One spray per season is usally enough. To control  velvetbean caterpillar, and make loopers and stink bugs less of a pest, add Dimlin. Look close at your cotton, peanut, and soybean fields, especially if they are close to a corn field. There have been several generations in your corn already. Group 5-6 soybeans planted in  late May early June are now in R3. (  R-3 = Pods at least 3/16 inch on the fourth node from top of plant )  You lose some effectiveness if you apply too early.

If you have Three Cornered Alfalfa Hopper and/or Stinkbugs,  think about putting in some pesticide.  Watch for Three Cornered Alfalfa Hoppers, Kudzubugs and Stink bugs,  have been found in most fields.  

For Information go to : http://www.kudzubug.org/grower.html

Good fungicide at R3 growth stage  **

Plus
Dimlin + 1.2 lbs of solubor per acre

Plus (For insect pest)
Acephate (Orthene),   Karate , Brigade ,  etc.     

 If you are trying for high yields now is the time ( R3) to put out 30 pounds of N per acre.

 For info on late planting open hyperlink  plantationseedupdate  when at the BLOG click follow and you will receive updates and be able to see older updates and much more information. You can also click this link for a slideshow on Ultra Late Soybeans 

 Blake @ 800-543-4164 or Jimmy@ 229-881-2700

**Pesticide information obtained from Georgia Pest Control

    Handbook @  http://www.ent.uga.edu/pmh/.    

  *** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

Wheat/Oat Update

If your wheat/oats are 4 inches (three or more tillers) tall or taller then you may need to put out your winter weed control. The weeds have really been growing because of the warm weather, and also can really hurt your yields. Chemical prices are up this year so please don’t cut out application because of the price, it will pay to control the weeds.

Take time to walk your wheat fields while the wheat is still young and you can count the plants per foot of row. If you find a row that is too thin or too thick flag that row on your drill and correct the seeding rate before you plant next year. A count of 18-20 plants per foot (7-8 inch row) is great, 25-30 is way too thick.

Weed Control
(See Small Grains 2014 from UGA)

Harmony Extra SC, per label always add surfactant per label.

Express Plus MCPA, per label always add surfactant per label. Gives good to excellent control on most winter weeds. DO NOT USE THIS ON OATS.

POWERFLEX and others, per label gives excellent weed and ryegrass control. Read label for plant back restrictions.

Good Growing!

** Information obtained from 2014 Georgia Pest Control Handbook and Intensive Wheat Management in Georgia. As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

Wheat Update

Most wheat is at Feekes scale 10.1 or older, this is often called the early heading stage. At this growth rate wheat is about 3-5 days behind normal heading date. You need to spray a late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant. We need to protect the head of wheat and the flag leaf during this time. You may want to add an insecticide to help control aphids and stink bugs. The picture below is a stink bug on the head of triticale in an oat field.

Stink bug in oats

 

Fungicides

Headline, Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur+Tilt, or one of many others.

All should be applied per the label of fungicide used. Most full heading (10.3) should occur before April 1, 2013.

Univeristy of Illinois

Please be sure to visit and support this site, www.georgiaweather.net – it has a lot of good information.

Good Growing!

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2014

 

Soybean Grower Update

I have had several calls about growers with no or very little pods after the plant started blooming. The soybean plant has a main bloom stem that will bloom out first, if no or few pods are set then an auxalary bloom node (at the base of each joint) will form blooms. Often during any type of adverse weather the pods and blooms will abort, this is normal. The soybean plant will continue to make blooms and try to set pods until the growing season is over or the plant/nutreint yield threshold is met.

Please spray with a good fungicide.  One spray per season is usually enough.  A good fungicide has proven to give a yield increase of 6-8 bu/acre over non-treated soybeans in university test. ( R-3 = Pods at least 3/16 inch on the fourth node from top of plant )  This usually occurs about  7 to 10 days after full bloom. You lose some effectiveness if you apply too early. To control  velvetbean caterpillar and make loopers and stink bugs less of a pest add Dimlin. This year appears  to be a very bad stink bug year.  Look close at your soybean, cotton, and peanut fields especially if they are close to a harvested corn field because there has been several generations in your corn already. If you have stink bugs think about putting in some pesticide.  Watch for Kudzu bugs; I have found them in every field.

For more information got to: http://www.kudzubug.org/grower.html

Good Fungicide**
Plus
Dimlin + 1.2 lbs. of solubor per acre
Plus
Acephate (Orthene), Karate, Brigade, etc.

**Pesticide information obtained from Georgia Pest Control Handbook @  http://www.ent.uga.edu/pmh/.                    

 *** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

Soybean Update

All  area’s have had too much rain. This type of weather brings on plant disease and a tropical storm could bring soybean rust  to your fields.  My advice is to spray with a good fungicide.  One spray per season is usally enough.  A good fungicide has proven to give a yield increase of 6-8 bu/acre over non-treated soybeans in university test.  A good funcicide applied at the R2-R3 stage did a very good job last year (R-3 = Pods at least 3/16 inch on the fourth node from top of plant ). This usually occurs about  7 to 10 days after full bloom, soybeans planted in  mid MAY are now in R3.  You lose some effectiveness if you apply too early. To control  velvetbean caterpillar and make loopers and stink bugs less of a pest add Dimlin. This year appears  to be a very bad stink bug year.  Look close at your fields – cotton, peanut, and soybean – especially if they are close to a harvested corn field because there has been several generations in your corn already. If you have stink bugs think about putting in some pesticide.  Watch for Kudzu bugs I have found them in every field. For Information go to: http://www.kudzubug.org/grower.html

Good Fungicide**
Plus
Dimlin + 1.2 lbs of solubor per acre
Plus
Acephate (Orthene),   Karate , Brigade ,  etc.

Good Growing!

**Pesticide information obtained from Georgia Pest Control Handbook at http://www.ent.uga.edu/pmh/.

 *** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

 

Wheat Update: watering & fungicides

If you did not get ¾ or more inch of rain in the last week you may need to water.  Dig down 2 inches and if the soil at that depth does not hold shape when balled in your hand, then water.  It is best not to water when flowers are visible on over 25% of wheat heads, just wait until flowers fall off (about 3 days later).  Then ¾  inch rain or irrigation a week until soft dough stage in 75% of wheat heads. Do not over water wheat.

Today, I think on time planted wheat is 14+ days ahead of “NORMAL” years. Most wheat is at Feekes early 10.1 or older this means the wheat head is visible in the leaf seath. ( AGS 2035 planted 11-26-2011 in Seminole county is at Feekes10.5.3 to 10.5.4  flowering is over)  You need to spray as late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant.  We need to protect the head of wheat and the flag leaf during this time.   If you see rust call me.

Fungicides:Headline , Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur,   Tilt , or one of many others. All should be put out at  per the label of fungicide used.

Aphids are out , but you need to have 10+ per flag leaf before you treat. Always watch for beneficials.  Lady bugs, Aphid lions (lady bug larvae), parasitic wasp, and syrphid fly larvae all eat aphids.

Foliar insecticide treatments for aphid control: A well-timed insecticide application of a persistent pyrethroid insecticide such as lambda cyhalothrin (Warrior, Karate, Lambda, Silencer, others) can reduce the incidence of BYD and increase yields.  Lambda cyhalothrin can only be applied twice to a crop so use another product at heading such as Baythroid XL or Mustang MAX/Respect.  These can be combined with a foliar fungicide application and also will control cereal leaf beetle if it is present.  Always follow all label instructions.

Good Growing!

 *Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2012