SOYBEAN UPDATE

Plantation Seed

SOYBEAN UPDATE

May 11, 2016

 

Seeding rate  is one of the first steps toward a good yield. Soybeans have from 2200 seed per lb to 4500 seed per lb.  Do not go by pounds per acre .  30” rows at 8 seed per foot will use  59 pounds per acre of a 2250 seed/lb soybean and only 41.4 pounds per acre of a 3600 seed/lb. soybean.  You want about 145,000 seed per acre. For normal planting dates. Call if you plan to palnt HIGH yield irrigated soybeans this year.

 

SEEDING RATE

36” rows  9-10 seed per foot

30” rows  8- 9 seed per foot

21 to 24” rows  6- 7 seed per foot

15 to 16” rows  5- 6 seed per foot

  7 ½  to 8” rows  2- 4 seed per foot

Twin peanut type rows  5-7 seed  per foot

 

LATE PLANTING

If you are planning to plant after June 30 please order your beans now and ask your dealer to advise your seedsman to place these late planted beans in cool storage. This will maximize your chance of getting high germing soybeans for your late planting needs. There are several group 5, 6, and 7 beans that have yielded very well planted late. Go to plantationseedupdate. for details on Ultra Late planting.

Always follow label directions and  wash all empties completely.

 

 

Good Growing   Blake, Lee, Lane, Brett, amd Jimmy

800-543-4164

 

*Some information obtained from 2015 Georgia Pest Control Handbook,                       Soybean Diagnostic Guide, and Pioneer.

*** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

 

OAT RUST UPDATE

PLANTATION SEED
OAT RUST UPDATE
03-23-16

Below you will find a photo of Crown Rust in oats.
This has been found by Thomas Wray (Photo) in Baker Co and Ed Harrison in Thomas Co.
The Warm winter and high temp for the next few days is perfect for rust to spread.

Folicur of one of the generics will work very well and you may want to put in an insecticide if you have Aphids in the field.

Good Growing
Blake, Lane, Lee, Brett, and Jimmy

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse, and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2016, USDA Data, and Christina Cowger.

Crown Rust Oats

FHB SPRAY UPDATE

PLANTATION SEED

FHB SPRAY UPDATE

04-11-16

In the link below, you will find a photo of wheat flowering and a slide of best time to spray for FHB control.

FHB Spray best time

5-7 days after your wheat strarts flowering, (this should occur around 04-12 to 04-20) put out Caramba, Proline, or Prosaro. (make sure your dealer has product in stock for you) This approach should decrease your exposure to FHB (not complete control, to get better you will need a wheat with the FHB gene and apply the fungicide) while keeping the other diseases in check.

 

Good Growing

Blake, Lane, Lee, Brett, and Jimmy

 

 *Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse, and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2016, USDA Data, and Christina Cowger.

Wheat/Oat Grower Update

Please see correction on timing of FHB spray from Christina Cowger, last update was in error.

Important note from Christina: If scab is your target, you will only profit significantly if you apply fungicide between early flowering and up to 7 days later. Fungicide applications before flowering will give little to no scab control. This is because the scab fungus attacks the heads through the flowering parts (anthers) once they are extruded.

Bottom line: use Propiconazole or Tebuconazole to correct any early problems. Then, if there is medium to high risk of scab, which you can see at the forecasting site www.wheatscab.psu.edu, put out Caramba, Proline, or Prosaro at early flowering or, if it is too wet then, up to 7 days later. This approach should decrease your exposure to FHB while keeping the other diseases in check. I will be sending out FHB update as soon as I prior to wheat flowering.

APHIDS 

Foliar insecticide treatments for aphid control: A well-timed insecticide application of a persistent pyrethroid insecticide such as lambda cyhalothrin (Warrior, Karate, Lambda, Silencer,other(s) will kill aphids and reduce the incidence of BYD and increase yields.

Good Growing!

Information from: Christina Cowger, Small Grains Pathologist USDA-ARS North Carolina State University, Intensive Wheat Management in Georgia and 2015 Georgia Chemical Handbook.

Wheat Harvest Update

If you have some time, below is a link to a very good article. But if you don’t have the time, the meat of the article on combine settings is below. 

Article: Identification and Control of Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Wheat in Georgia

If people ask about how to adjust the combine in a high-scab field:  Research at the Ohio State University showed that adjusting the combine’s fan speed between 1,375 and 1,475 rpms and shutter opening to 90 mm (3.5 inches) resulted in the lowest discounts that would have been received at the elevator due to low test weight, % damaged kernels, and DON in the harvested grain (Salgado et al., 2011; PDF at http://plantpath.osu.edu/sites/plantpath/files/imce/files/Paul/PDIS-01-14-0093-RE.pdf)

Follow the below to help reduce vomitoxin in your wheat harvest.

Harvest Techniques To Reduce Fusarium Infected Kernels

Adjust combine so lightweight, shriveled kernels are also removed with chaff. The goal is to blow the lightweight, diseased kernels out the back of the combine without blowing out too many good kernels. This technique is feasible when the rest of the grain is of good quality. In fields severely affected by leaf diseases, the lower test weight of the grain may make it more difficult to separate normal kernels from Fusarium damaged kernels.

Source for above UGA extension

Good Growing!

** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.**

Wheat Update

These photos were taken today (4/19/15) south of Blountstown, Fl.  I have never seen a field so completely covered with rust and septoria. This could happen to your fields if you did not spray on time. At first I thought Wheat Take All, but this is the first I have seen wheat in this field. It was following peanuts. This field has had rain for several days straight.

Diseased  wheat in FlaDiseased wheat fla 04-19-15

You need to spray as late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant. We need to protect the head of wheat and the flag leaf during this time.   If you see rust call me. I have seen very little rust but lots of Septoria, Stagonnospora leaf blotch, Powerdery mildew, BYD and Tan Spot.

Fungicides

Absolute 500 SC, Headline , Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur+Tilt , or one of many others.  All should be put out at per the label of fungicide used.

Aphids are out , but you need to have 10+ per flag leaf before you treat. Always watch for beneficials. Lady bugs, Aphid lions (lady bug larvae), parasitic wasp, and syrphid fly larvae all eat aphids.

Foliar insecticide treatments for aphid control: A well-timed insecticide application of a persistent pyrethroid insecticide such as lambda cyhalothrin (Warrior, Karate, Lambda, Silencer, others) can reduce the incidence of BYD and increase yields.  Lambda cyhalothrin can only be applied twice to a crop so use another product at heading such as Baythroid XL or Mustang MAX/Respect.  These can be combined with a foliar fungicide application and also will control cereal leaf beetle if it is present.

Always follow all label instructions.

Good Growing!

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2015

Soybean Update

Seeding rate is one of the first steps toward a good yield. Soybeans have from 2200 seed per lb to 4500 seed per lb. Do not go by pounds per acre. 30” rows at 8 seed per foot will use 59 pounds per acre of a 2250 seed/lb soybean and only 41.4 pounds per acre of a 3600 seed/lb. soybean. You want about 145,000 seed per acre for normal planting dates.

SEEDING RATE

36” rows 9-10 seed per foot

30” rows 8- 9 seed per foot

21 to 24” rows 6- 7 seed per foot

15 to 16” rows 5- 6 seed per foot

7 ½ to 8” rows 3- 4 seed per foot

Twin peanut type rows 5-7 seed per foot

LATE PLANTING: If you are planning to plant after June 30 please order your beans now and ask your dealer to advise your seedsman to place these late planted beans in cool storage. This will maximize your chance of getting high germing soybeans for your late planting needs. There are several group 5, 6, and 7 beans that have yielded very well planted late.

Always follow label directions and wash all empties completely.

Check out new lower prices on AGSouth beans

 AGS 828 RR  # 8 irrigated 2 year State wide Group 7 & 8

AGS 5911 LL # 5 dryland 2014 Tifton Group 5

AGS 738 RR   # 1 irrigated 2 year Tifton Group 7 & 8

Good Growing!

*Some information obtained from 2015 Georgia Pest Control Handbook, Soybean Diagnostic Guide, and Pioneer.

*** As always follow label and dispose of empties properly.

Wheat Update

If you did not get ¾ of an inch or more of rain in the last week you may need to water. Dig down 2″ and if the soil does not hold shape when balled in your hand, then water. It is best not to water when flowers are visible on more than 25% of wheat heads (FEEKES 10.5+);  just wait until flowers fall off (about 3 days later). You need ¾” to 1” of water (rain or irrigation) every week until 75% of wheat heads in your field are at Soft Dough Stage. Do not over water wheat.

Today, I think wheat (AGS 2035) planted on time is 4-5 days ahead of last year. Most wheat is at Feekes early 10.2 or older. This means the wheat head is visible in the leaf seath. (AGS 2035 planted 11-24-2014 in Seminole county is at Feekes 10.2 to 10.4) You need to spray as late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant. We need to protect the head of wheat and the flag leaf during this time. If you see rust call me. I have seen very little rust but lots of Septoria, Stagonnospora leaf blotch, Powerdery mildew, BYD and Tan Spot.

FungicidesAbsolute 500 SC, Headline, Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur+Tilt, or one of many others.

All should be put out at per the label of fungicide used.

Aphids are out, but you need to have 10+ per flag leaf before you treat. Always watch for beneficials. Lady bugs, Aphid lions (lady bug larvae), parasitic wasp, and syrphid fly larvae all eat aphids.

Foliar insecticide treatments for aphid control: A well-timed insecticide application of a persistent pyrethroid insecticide such as lambda cyhalothrin (Warrior, Karate, Lambda, Silencer, others) can reduce the incidence of BYD and increase yields.  Lambda cyhalothrin can only be applied twice to a crop so use another product at heading such as Baythroid XL or Mustang MAX/Respect.  These can be combined with a foliar fungicide application and also will control cereal leaf beetle if it is present.

As always, follow all label instructions.

 Good Growing! 

*Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2015

Wheat Feekes

Most wheat is at a Feekes scale of 8.0 or older; this is often called the mid jointing stage. At this growth rate wheat is about five to seven days ahead of normal heading date. You need to spray as late as possible per the label of fungicide used, because most fungicides do not translocate well in the plant. Additionally, during this time be sure to protect the head of wheat Feekes 10.3 and the flag leaf. You may want to add insecticide to help control aphids and stink bugs.

FUNGICIDES     

Headline , Stratego, Quilt, Quadris, Folicur+Tilt , or one of many others.

All should be put out per the label of fungicide used. Most full heading (10.5) should occur before April 17, 2015.

Univeristy of Illinois

Please make use and support the following site, as it has a lot of good information: http://www.georgiaweather.net/

Good Growing!

 *Follow label on all Pesticides, rinse and dispose of empties properly. Info Georgia Pest Management Handbook 2015